Automatically assigned DDC number: 0041

Manually assigned DDC number: 0041

Number of references: 16

Title: Self-Testing of Universal and Fault-Tolerant Sets of Quantum Gates

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Subject: Fr Eric Magniez,Michele Mosca,Miklos Santha Self-Testing of Universal and Fault-Tolerant Sets of Quantum Gates

Description: We consider the design of self-testers for quantum gates. A self-tester for the gates F 1 ; : : : ; Fm is a classical procedure that, given any gates G1 ; : : : ; Gm , decides with high probability if each G i is close to F i . This decision has to rely only on measuring in the computational basis the effect of iterating the gates on the classical states. It turns out that instead of individual gates, we can only design procedures for families of gates. To achieve our goal we borrow some elegant ideas of the theory of program testing: we characterize the gate families by specific properties, we develop a theory of robustness for them, and show that they lead to self-testers. In particular we prove that the universal and fault-tolerant set of gates consisting of a Hadamard gate, a c-NOT gate, and a phase rotation gate of angle =4 is selftestable. 1. INTRODUCTION In the last decade quantum computing has become an extremely active research area. The initial idea that the simulation of qu...

Contributor: The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeer Archives

Publisher: unknown

Date: 2000-02-09

Pubyear: unknown

Format: ps

Identifier: http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/357099.html

Source: http://www.lri.fr/~magniez/PAPIERS/dmms-stoc00.ps.gz

Language: en

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